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Basic Japanese Greetings Video

 Basic Japanese Greetings Video


Today’s video is about basic Japanese greetings. I already discussed some of the greetings in this video. You can check my previous blog here:

Basic Greetings in Japanese using Hiragana sound

Let’s check the greetings in the video:

おはようございます (Ohayou Gozaimasu)  Good Morning 

When you use おはようonly、 it is a casual way of greeting. You can use this greeting when talking to your close friends or younger than you. おはようございます is a polite way of saying Good morning.

こんにちは (Konnichiha) Good Afternoon / Hello

in こんにちは is read as ‘wa’, the same sound for the particle . Some spelled the Romaji ofこんにちは as ‘Konnichiwa’. If you typeこんにちは into its Kanji、 you will get 今日 (kyou)、 meaning ‘Today’. The On-Yomi reading of is こん, meaning ‘now / present’、 while the is にち means ‘day’. in こんにちは serves as a particle and if we make こんにちは as a sentence、 it can be translated as ‘Today is〜’ using its Kanji form ‘今日は〜’.             

こんばんは (Konbanha) Good Evening

in こんばんは is also read as ‘wa’. こんばん means ‘This evening’ or ‘Tonight’. is the particle of こんばんは that can be translated as ‘This evening is〜'.

おやすみなさい (Oyasuminasai) Good Night

おやすみ can also be used when greeting close friends or younger people but never use for elders or people in high positions. なさい means ‘do’, a suffix for command or directions. やすみ means ‘rest’. is an honorific prefix for politeness or respect. 



ありがとうございます (Arigatou gozaimasu) Thank you

The informal ありがとう can be used when saying ‘Thank you’ to close friends, younger or family members.


どういたしまして

(Dou itashimashite) You’re welcome

どういたしまして can also be used to close friends, younger or family members as this is the equivalent English meaning of ‘You’re welcome’. But it will be inappropriate or not polite when using it to people in a higher position or status. Remember Japan values hierarchy, that's why it is important to know when or how to be polite or not polite.   


おなまえはなんですか? (Onamae ha nan desu ka?) What is your name?

なまえ means ‘name’ in English. To make it polite、 add the honorific . なんですか means ‘What’. なん is from なに means ‘what’. です is the verb ‘to be’ while is the interrogative particle or the question mark of a sentence.

 

わたしのなまえは◎◎◎です (Watashi no namae ha ◎◎◎ desu.) My name is ◎◎◎.

わたし is the pronoun ‘I’ in English. You can check my blog about pronouns here: Japanese Pronouns. Depending on who the speaker is, わたし can be changed to different personal pronouns.


にほんごがわかりますか? (Nihongo ga wakarimasu ka?) Do you understand Japanese?

にほんご means ‘Japanese’. わかります means ‘understand’, a polite form of the verbわかる. Both and are particles and will be discussed in future blogs.

 

はい、わかります. (Hai, wakarimasu.) Yes, I understand.

はい means ‘yes’ or if you agree to something.


いいえ、わかりません. (Iie, wakarimasen.) No, I don’t understand.

いいえ means ‘no’. わかりません is the polite negative form of わかる meaning ‘ don’t understand’.


えいごをはなしますか? (Eigo wo hanashimasu ka?) Do you speak English?

えいご means ‘English’. はなします is ‘to speak’ in English、 the polite form ofはなす. Both and are particles.


はい、はなせます. (Hai, hanasemasu.) Yes, I can speak English.

はい means ‘Yes’. はなせます means ‘can speak’. えいご is excluded in the sentence as both the speaker and the person spoke to knows the question.


いいえ、はなせません. (Iie, hanasemasen.) No, I cannot speak English.

いいえ means ‘No’. はなせません is the negative form of はなせます means ‘cannot speak’.


ごめんなさい (Gomen nasai) I’m Sorry.

Literally, ごめんなさい means ‘Sorry’ in English but it cannot be used when apologizing to someone older or in a high position. It can be misinterpreted as being rude. There are other ways of saying Sorry, but I’ll discuss it in future blogs. For now, we will use ごめんなさい.    

For the conversation sample in the video, you can check it here:

Video: Basic Japanese Greetings – conversation

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For a better image, you can check the picture library in the link: 

Pictures: Basic Japanese Greetings

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If you want to check my previous post, you can check it through the link below:
>> Japanese House


For Hiragana and Katakana page, please check the link below:
>> The Hiragana Character
>> The Katakana Character
For Word of the Week page, please check the link below:
>> Word of the Week 6

For YouTube Videos:
>> Japanese Words| Hiragana | I-adjectives PART 3

For Monthly Grammar:
>> Monthly Grammar: Part 1

For my Spanish lessons that I am still not fluent and need more effort to study, you can check the link below:
>> 【Spanish Lesson #1】Survival Expressions
You can also my personal website where I write stories and blog about things I like:
>> Write and Sleep


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