Basic Japanese Greetings Video
Today’s video is about basic Japanese greetings. I already discussed some of the greetings in this video. You can check my previous blog here:
Let’s check the greetings in the video:
When you use おはようonly、 it is a casual way of greeting. You can use this greeting when talking to your close friends or younger than you. おはようございます is a polite way of saying Good morning.
は in こんにちは is read as ‘wa’, the same sound for the particle は. Some spelled the Romaji ofこんにちは as ‘Konnichiwa’. If you typeこんにちは into its Kanji、 you will get 今日 (kyou)、 meaning ‘Today’. The On-Yomi reading of 今 is こん, meaning ‘now / present’、 while the 日 is にち means ‘day’. は in こんにちは serves as a particle and if we make こんにちは as a sentence、 it can be translated as ‘Today is〜’ using its Kanji form ‘今日は〜’.
は in こんばんは is also read as ‘wa’. こんばん means ‘This evening’ or ‘Tonight’. は is the particle of こんばんは that can be translated as ‘This evening is〜'.
おやすみ can also be used when greeting close friends or younger people but never use for elders or people in high positions. なさい means ‘do’, a suffix for command or directions. やすみ means ‘rest’. お is an honorific prefix for politeness or respect.
The informal ありがとう can be used when saying ‘Thank you’ to close friends, younger or family members.
どういたしまして can also be used to close friends, younger or family members as this is the equivalent English meaning of ‘You’re welcome’. But it will be inappropriate or not polite when using it to people in a higher position or status. Remember Japan values hierarchy, that's why it is important to know when or how to be polite or not polite.
なまえ means ‘name’ in English. To make it polite、 add the honorific お. なんですか means ‘What’. なん is from なに means ‘what’. です is the verb ‘to be’ while か is the interrogative particle or the question mark of a sentence.
わたし is the pronoun ‘I’ in English. You can check my blog about pronouns here: Japanese Pronouns. Depending on who the speaker is, わたし can be changed to different personal pronouns.
にほんご means ‘Japanese’. わかります means ‘understand’, a polite form of the verbわかる. Both が and か are particles and will be discussed in future blogs.
はい means ‘yes’ or if you agree to something.
いいえ means ‘no’. わかりません is the polite negative form of わかる meaning ‘ don’t understand’.
えいご means ‘English’. はなします is ‘to speak’ in English、 the polite form ofはなす. Both and か are particles.
はい means ‘Yes’. はなせます means ‘can speak’. えいご is excluded in the sentence as both the speaker and the person spoke to knows the question.
いいえ means ‘No’. はなせません is the negative form of はなせます means ‘cannot speak’.
Literally, ごめんなさい means ‘Sorry’ in English but it cannot be used when apologizing to someone older or in a high position. It can be misinterpreted as being rude. There are other ways of saying Sorry, but I’ll discuss it in future blogs. For now, we will use ごめんなさい.
For the conversation sample in the video, you can check it here:
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If you want to check my previous post, you can check it through the link below:
>> Japanese House
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>> The Hiragana Character
>> The Katakana Character
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>> Word of the Week 6
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>> Japanese Words| Hiragana | I-adjectives PART 3
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>> Monthly Grammar: Part 1
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>> 【Spanish Lesson #1】Survival Expressions
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