Skip to main content

【Spanish Lesson #1】Survival Expressions

 






Recently, I enrolled in a Spanish class. Enrolled meaning I took it via online class which I could attend anytime I want. Though it's free so ‘enroll’ is not the right word, I guess. What should I call it? Anyway, the course has seven weeks to finish. I am still in week 1. If I wanted to get a certificate, I need to upgrade my status from free lessons to full access so I can unlock the graded and non-graded assignments and I will also earn a certificate, but it will take a lot of cents to upgrade. For now, I will stay for free lessons. But if I have extra cents, I think I will upgrade. 

I will share here the lessons I learned from the online class. Though I still have a lot of questions, I guess I need to finish the whole seven weeks so I could fully understand it. 

What have I learned so far?

Here are my thoughts:


I. Survival expressions

  • When you want to great somebody, you will say:    

                        ¡Hola! – Hello

                      ¿Qué tal? – How are you?

                      ¿Cómo estás? – How are you?

                      ¡Adiós! – Goodbye

                      ¡Buenos dias! – Good morning

                      ¡Buenas tardes! – Good afternoon

                      ¡Buenas noches! – Good night

  • When you ask someone a favor, you will say:

                            Por favor – Please

  • When you want to say your appreciation, you will say:

                            Gracias – Thank you

                      De nada – You’re welcome

  • When you feel the need to say sorry, you will say:

                            Lo siento – I’m sorry

  • When you cannot understand or you want someone to say it slowly, you will say:

                            No intiendo – I don’t understand

                      ¿Puede repetir más despacio? – Could you repeat that more slowly?

 

II. Personal pronouns

 

Spanish

English

Yo

I

You (informal)

Usted

You (formal)

El

He

Ella

She

     


  • Example of asking someone’s name:

                            ¿Cómo te llamas? – What`s your name?

Yo me llamo Irene. – My name is Irene.

Tú te llamas Anna. – Your name is Anna.

Usted se llama Juan – Your name is Juan.

El se llama Carlos. – His name is Carlos.

Ella se llama Elsa. – Her name is Elsa.

Spanish

English

Nosotros/Nosotras

We

Vosotros/Vosotras

You (informal)

Ustedes

You (formal)

Ellos/Ellas

They

 

 

 

 





Nosotros (Nosotras) nos llamamos Garcia. - Our name is Garcia.

Vosotros (Vosotras) os llamáis Rodriguez. - Your name is Rodriguez.

Ustedes se llaman Rodriguez. - Your name is Rodriguez.

Ellos (Ellas) se llaman Diaz. - Their name is Diaz. 


III. B’s and V’s are pronounce the same way.

In Spanish language, there is no difference between pronouncing the letter B’s and V’s. The letter B is read as ‘be’ while V is ‘uve’ but read as ‘ube’.  In other Spanish speaking countries, B is read as ‘be alta’ while V is ‘ve baja’.

 

                            Examples:

                                        Vino – wine (but read as bino)

                                  Vaso – glass (read as baso)

                                  Bicicleta – Bicycle

 

IV. Pronunciations of R’s

The pronunciation of R has two ways, the strong and the soft.

l  If the R is in the beginning of a word, it has strong pronunciation. (as in rrrr~)

l  If R is after ‘N’ and ‘L’, it is pronounced in strong way.

l  If there are double ‘R’. the pronunciation is strong.

l  Not in the three categories, the pronunciation is soft.

 

              Examples:

                          Rosa – Rose (Pronounce the ‘R’ strongly ~ Rrrrrosa)

                      Alrededor – around, surroundings (Pronounce it as alrrrrededor)

                      Perro – dog (has a strong pronunciation ~ Perrrrrro)

                      Arbol – Tree (soft pronunciation)

                      Cara – Face (soft pronunciation)

                      Pera – Pear (soft pronunciation)

 

V. Some conversations that I’ve learned in the first weeks.

 

¿Qué es esto? – What is this?

¿Dónde está el baño? – Where is the toilet?

¿Cuánto vale esto? – How much is this?

¡Salud! – Cheers (when you want to toast)

 

While attending the first week of the lessons, I asked myself why the exclamation marks and questions marks are inverted. Or why it is written before and after the word? Or why there are stresses on some vowel letters? 

I still have questions, but I guess I need to finish the lessons as they will be answered along the way.

 

So, that’s all for today’s post. I will post what I’ve learned in week 2 soon.

 

See Yah!














If you want to learn about Hiragana and Katakana, just click the link below. 

<< The Hiragana Character                                               The Katakana Character >>


Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How to say your age in Japanese?

  How to say your age in Japanese?  The counter for age in Japanese is さい (sai).    In the previous blog, I’ve already discussed how to count in Japanese, so it is easy to tell your age in Japanese. So, if someone asks your age, you can say the number and put さい after it.    Example:                 60 years old – ろくじゅっさい (rokujussai)                33 years old – さんじゅうさん さい (sanjuusan sai)                20 years old – はたち (hatachi)           15 years old – じゅうごさい (juugo sai)                  8 years old – はっさい                  1-year-old – いっさい (issai)     For 1, 8 and 20 years old, the Japanese age is read differently from the other numbers. Instead of いちさい for 1 year old, it is いっさい while for 8 years old, it is はっさい instead of はちさい . F or 20 years old, instead of saying にじゅうさい , use はたち without putting さい .      なんさいですか ? (nansai desu ka?) – how old are you? おいくつですか ? (o ikutsu desu ka?) – how old are you? (Formal way of asking someone’s age)   とし (toshi) – Japanese word

Ten-Ten (“) and Maru (˚) (Japanese Character)

  The small dashes (“) is called Ten-Ten. While the small circle is called Maru ( ˚ ). Not all Hiragana and Katakana characters have Ten-Ten or Maru. There are only 20 characters that have changes in pronunciation when Ten-Ten and Maru are added. For Ten-ten:                              K”      à      G                        S”       à      Z                        T”      à      D                        H”      à      B For Maru:                             H ˚      à      B Don’t get confused with the change of pronunciation with H. Just remember that if H has Ten-Ten, it will be read as B while if H has Maru, the pronunciation is B.                                    Hiragana and Katakana Characters with Ten-Ten and Maru が ( ガ ) ga ぎ ( ギ ) gi ぐ ( グ ) gu げ ( ゲ ) ge ご ( ゴ ) go ざ ( ザ ) za じ ( ジ ) ji ず ( ズ ) zu ぜ ( ゼ ) ze ぞ (

Japanese Pronouns

Japanese Pronouns   What is Pronoun? According to Thesaurus.com, Pronoun is a pronoun used to refer to a speaker or the people/things that a speaker is referring to. It replaces a noun in a sentence. There are seven types of pronouns namely: the personal pronoun, the demonstrative pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the relative pronoun, the indefinite pronoun, the reflexive pronoun, and the intensive pronoun. But today, I will only talk about personal pronouns.   In Japan, pronouns can be omitted in a sentence if both speaker and the person the speaker is referring to know the context of the sentence. Also, pronouns give importance to hierarchy, like respect for elders, seniority, or social order. It denotes the characteristics of the speaker or the person talking to like age, gender, and their relationships.   Pronoun in Japanese is だ い め い し (代名詞) read as Da i me i shi . Our focus for today’s blog is: I You  He  She We  They Personal Pronoun I Watas