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Monthly Grammar: Part 1

 Monthly Grammar: Part 1

Let’s start my new assignment for myself; creating sentence/s every month based on the lessons that I’ve created.

I have already introduced the sentence structure in my previous blog. You can also check it through this link:  The Japanese Sentence Structure

Just a quick review:

Japanese sentence structure is Subject + Object + Verb, or SOV for short.  More explanation of sentence structure once I discuss the particles of a Japanese sentence because I find it hard to explain by writing as the Japanese Particles are not the same as the English Particles. I still need more time learning each of the Japanese Particles.

So, let’s begin:

Sentence sample 1:

きょうげつようびです

  Today is Monday.

Hiragana

Romaji

Japanese

Meaning

Other Information

きょう

Kyou

今日

Today

Subject

*ha

 

 

Japanese particle

げつとうび

Getsu you bi

月曜日

Monday

Object

です

desu

 

 

Verb ‘To be’

(verb)


In this sentence、 the Subject is きょう while the object is げつようび. ですis the verb of the sentence.

The Japanese sentence is:


今日月曜日です



Sentence sample 2:

あしたかようびです

Tomorrow is Tuesday.

Hiragana

Romaji

Japanese

Meaning

Other Information

あした

Ashita

明日

Tomorrow

Subject

*ha

 

 

Japanese particle

かとうび

Ka you bi

火曜日

Tuesday

Object

です

desu

 

 

Verb ‘To be’

(verb)


Subject = あした

Object = かようび

Verb = です


The Japanese sentence is:

明日火曜日です


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Note: *(ha) à when use in a sentence as a particle, it is read as ‘wa’

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