The Japanese Particle に

The Japanese Particle

Disclaimer: As I’ve discussed before, Japanese particles, for me, are the most difficult to learn since it doesn’t have a direct English translation. As much as I wanted to avoid discussing it, I can’t because we need to learn the Japanese particles for us to create sentences and understand the Japanese language fluently. I might have a lot of grammar mistakes but I’ll try to make it as simple as possible so we can understand it easily.

Now, let’s discuss the Japanese particle . Particle can be translated as ‘to’ in English. It can also be translated as ‘at’, ‘in’, and ‘on’. is almost similar to another particle which is which I will discuss later in my blog.

Particle is used to express direction, used as an indirect object marker, used to indicate existence, to express purpose, frequency, and specific time.

·       is used to express direction, its English translation will be ‘to’. directs the action towards its destination.

·       is used as an indirect object marker, it is always linked to the Japanese particle . The particle is directed onto a person, place, or object.

·       is used to indicate the existence, it translates into ‘at’ or ‘in’. It is used with verbs such as いる and ある both translated as ‘to exist’.

·       is used to express purpose, its English translation will be ‘to’ the same as to express direction.

·       is used for frequency and specific time, it can be translated as ‘at’, ‘on’ and ‘in’. It used various time expressions such as year, month, day, and clock time.

Sample sentences:

is used to express direction.

Ashita wa kaisha ni ikimasu.

I will go to office tomorrow.

Kinou honya ni ikimashita.

I went to bookstore yesterday.

is used as an indirect object marker.

Kare wa watashi ni hana wo purezento shite kuremashita.

He gave me flowers as a gift.

Tadashii kotae wo bokkusu nai ni kinyuu shite kudasai.

Please write the correct answers inside the box.

is used to indicate the existence.

Reizouko no naka ni ke-ki ga arimasu.

There is a cake inside the refrigerator.

Watashi no kareshi wa Rondon ni sunde imasu.

My boyfriend lives in London.

is used to express purpose.

Kinou wa osushi wo tabe ni ikimashita.

I went to eat sushi yesterday.

Watashi wa sakuya hayaku ie ni kaerimashita.

I went home early last night.

is used for frequency and specific time.

Gogo 8-ji ni soko ni tsukimasu.

I will be there at 8:00 PM.

Watashi wa isshuukan ni 48-jikan hatarakimasu.

I work 48 hours a week.


For a better image, you can check the picture library in the link:

The Japanese Particle  


Related Topic:
✅ The Japanese particle は
✅ The Japanese Particle を
✅ The Japanese particle か

Japanese Grammar:
📘 Monthly Grammar: Part 1 - Simple Japanese Conversation
📘 Monthly Grammar: Part II – Age in Japanese Conversation
📘 Monthly Grammar: Part III – Appreciating someone

Japanese Vocabulary:
📝 Japanese Vocabulary: Ten-Ten (“) and Maru (˚)
📝 Japanese Vocabulary: Small ‘つ’, Long vowels and Combined Characters
📝 Japanese Vocabulary: Age in Japanese Conversation

Japanese Videos:
📺 Video: Part II | Japanese words | Hiragana | Na-adjectives
📺 Video: Writing 10 Japanese Kanji - Part I
📺 Video: Writing 11 Japanese Kanji - Part II