【SPANISH LESSON #4】The verb “to be”


"SER" - The verb “to be”

It’s been a while since I updated my Spanish language class. The online class ended last year, and I haven’t learned anything. It’s just me being lazy while studying. And now, I open my notes to study again, but I am still at week 2. See! I am way behind the class. It’s a challenge to learn the Spanish language same as studying Japanese or Korean. Every language in the world is challenging but I love to learn it. My only problem is I am a lazy person. So, no matter how much my interest in some languages, I cannot put out my 101% effort in learning it.

Anyway, I will try to understand and explain the use of the verb “to be” or “SER” in Spanish. “SER” is used when we want to identify or describe something. 

I have already introduced the personal pronouns in my
Spanish Lesson #1but I haven’t included the verb ‘to be’. I’ll put the link to 【Spanish Lesson #1】 below after this lesson, so we could study it together. 

In each personal pronoun, it has a different “SER”.  The same as in the English language depending on whether it is singular or plural.

For example: I am Irene.

The Spanish for ‘I’ is ‘Yo’ and the verb ‘to be - AM’ is ‘soy’.  The translation would be ‘Yo soy Irene’.

Another example: You are _____.

You’ in Spanish (informal) is ‘Tu’. The verb ‘to be - ARE’ when used in an informal ‘You’ is ‘eres’. So, the Spanish would be ‘Tu eres _____.’

For example: Tu eres el estudiante neuvo?
Translation: Are you the new student?

But if we use the formal ‘Usted’, the verb ‘to be’ will be ‘es’, the same with the verb ‘to ‘be’ of He and She.

For example: You are a nice person.
Translation: Usted es una Buena persona.

Another sample is: He is Carlo.
The Spanish translation is ‘El es Carlo.

Let’s talk about the Plural form of each Personal pronoun.

The plural form of the informal ‘
You’ is ‘Vosotros/Vosotras’ while formal ‘You’ is ‘Ustedes’. If we use ‘Vosotros/Vosotras’ in a sentence, the verb to be is ‘sois’. But the verb ‘to be’ for ‘Ustedes’ is the same as the verb ‘to be’ of ‘Ellos/Ellas’ which is ‘son’. The Spanish of ‘We’ is ‘Nosotros/Nosotras’ and the verb ‘to be’ is ‘somos’.

Nosotras somos Españolas. (For female)
Translation: We are Spanish.

Another Example:
Ellos son Americanos. (For Male)
Translation: They are Americans.

Summary of Personal pronouns: Singular form


Spanish Pronouns

(Verb ‘to be’)

Pronouns + SER

I am



Yo soy

You are (Informal)



Tu eres

You are (Formal)




He is



El es

She is



Ella es


Summary of Personal pronouns: Plural form


Spanish Pronouns

(Verb ‘to be’)

Pronouns + SER

We are (female)



Nosotras somos

We are (male)



Nosotros somos

You are (informal: female)



Vosotras sois

You are (informal: male)



Vosotros sois

They are (formal: You)



Ustedes son

They are (female)



Ellas son

They are (male)



Ellos son






I think that’s all for today’s blog. I’ll need to study more. I am already in my late 30s nearing the age of senior citizen. LOL! That’s why I need to make sure my brain is still functioning.


This is Ringo.

See you soon!

For my Spanish lessons that I am still not fluent and need more effort to study, you can check the link below:

>> 【Spanish Lesson #1】Survival Expressions
>> 【Spanish Lesson #2】More Examples
>> 【Spanish Lesson #3】Vocabularies

If you want to check my previous post, you can check it through the link below:

For Hiragana and Katakana page, please check the link below:

>> The Hiragana Character
>> The Katakana Character

You can also my personal website where I write stories and blog about things I like:

>> Write and Sleep